Nothing is normal when it comes to The Open - and that goes for those in charge of keeping green speeds consistent too, as Steve Carroll found out

We’re obsessed with green speeds. We want to know how quick they’re running at our clubs and, if you ask many golfers, they’ll say the speedier the better.

But how fast are the greens at The Open? You might think Jordan Spieth and co are putting out on something ranging between glass and ice at Royal St George’s.

The reality is somewhat different. In their Pace of Play manual issued several years ago, the R&A revealed they set a maximum green speed target of 10.5 feet at golf’s oldest major.

With links courses susceptible to getting a bit breezy on occasion, that speed can also be significantly reduced when strong winds are forecast.

So how do they know how quick the greens are running? And what can the governing body’s agronomists and the home greenkeeping team do if things aren’t going to plan?

If you’re up and on site early enough you might see figures in the semi-darkness scurrying around greens carrying what look like a lot of plastic boxes.

At the start of the week they place a black dot on the putting surface, which provides the reference point for a speed test. The dot ensures they can measure from the same spot and the same direction each morning.

The ‘boxes’ are then blocked together and act as a wind tunnel that stops any breeze tampering with the outcome when a ball is fed down a stimpmeter.

Stimpmeters have been around for decades, first designed in 1935 by golfer Edward S Stimpson. It’s essentially a metal bar that sets a ball running when lifted to an angle where gravity takes effect. 

How far the ball moves across the green determines how quick it is running in feet and inches.

So when we say greens are running at nine feet, it’s because that’s how far the ball rolled out when it left the stimpmeter. A number of balls will be fed down to ensure a consistent reading and the process is carried out from both sides to cater for any gradient that might be in the putting surface.

At the Open on Friday and Saturday, they were running at 10 feet and two inches. The agronomists want to replicate that as consistently as possible across 18 holes. They try to achieve a tolerance of anywhere between nought and six inches as an ideal range.

The team measure every green, as well as the practice putting surface, and produce an average.

If the readings on a particular green come out slightly slower than the target after a first stimp, the team will carry out the process a second time. If the green speed remains on the slow side, it will get an additional cut with a mower before it’s tested again and signed off when it meets the requirements.

Wind, rain, whether the greenkeepers have been able to carry out a dry cut, along with early morning dew, can all affect green speeds and it’s a phenomenal job to get something that’s living – grass – to behave in such a consistent fashion.

How would you like to be part of Open history?

the open

The R&A has announced details of how you can get tickets for the historic 150th Open Championship at St Andrews in 2022. Click here to find out more.

Subscribe to NCG