Faces creased in agony, heads in hands, title dreams snatched away at the death – it can only be the US Open.

Of all the Major tests, the year’s second is always the most brutal. Expect narrow fairways, juicy rough and – almost inevitably – high scores.

Cue players thrashing out of wrist-breaking rough and losing their sanity as well as their balls. The only sound on the course, and in the media for days afterwards, will likely be the whine of the world’s best.

They will complain about yet another unfair course as they are foxed by super-slick greens and devilish pin positions. Even the great Bobby Jones, who won the US Open on four occasions, would admit: “Nobody ever wins the National Open. Somebody else just loses it.”

This year, it is industrial Pennsylvania and the traditional layout of Oakmont that will hold all of our attention for four action packed days.

Any player posting a final total around par will surely be in with a great chance of lifting the trophy.

But will this tournament prove one of the toughest ever? Here’s six other US Opens it will need to surpass before it can gain a place in ignominy.

1970 – Hazeltine

23rd June 1970: US Open winner golfer Tony Jacklin fitting the lid of the trophy on to his son Bradley's head watched by his wife Vivien. Jacklin won the tournament by seven strokes and was the first Englishman to capture the title since 1920. (Photo by Dennis Oulds/Central Press/Getty Images)

“If I had to play this course every day for fun, I’d fi nd me another game”. So said Dave Hill of the test at Hazeltine in 1970 – and he finished second. The American claimed “they ruined a good farm” when building the Minnesota course, which will host this year’s Ryder Cup.

The US Open was Hazeltine’s coming out parade, the course having been opened eight years earlier.

But some of golf’s biggest stars suffered a torrid first day as 35mph winds – gusting past 40 – swept away their chances.

A grim-faced Jack Nicklaus, his blonde locks swept back in the swirl, shot an 81. Arnold Palmer and Gary Player didn’t fare much better, signing for scores of 79 and 80 respectively.

It’s said after an opening 79 that Sam Snead tried to leave without signing his scorecard only to be called back by Lee Trevino, who’d himself endured a 77.

While all around him struggled, Tony Jacklin serenely added to the Open title he had bagged the previous year. Under par rounds all the way through (71, 70, 70, 70) saw him beat Hill by seven shots.

1974 – Winged Foot

18 JUN 1994: HALE IRWIN HITS HIS SECOND SHOT ON THE FIRST HOLE DURING THE THIRD ROUND OF THE U.S. OPEN CHAMPIONSHIP AT OAKMONT COUNTRY CLUB IN OAKMONT, PENNSYLVANIA. Mandatory Credit: Gary Newkirk/ALLSPORT

Nicknamed the Massacre of Winged Foot, there are many who think 1974 was the hardest US Open ever. A year earlier, Johnny Miller had streaked round Oakmont, shooting a final round 63.

Winged Foot was the USGA’s revenge. Hale Irwin, who won with a score of seven over, would say it was the toughest course he had ever seen.

The rough was penal – almost ankle length and impossible to negotiate. The undulatin greens were lightning quick, and rolled everyday, making them even faster as the tournament progressed. There’s never been a higher winning total since.

1994 – Oakmont

1994: Ernie Els (right) of South Africa acknowledges the crowd after he wins on the second sudden death hole after an 18 hole playoff with Loren Roberts during the US Open at the Oakmont Golf Club in Pennsylvania, USA. Mandatory Credit: Jon Cuban/Allsport

To call the heat stifling would be an understatement. Look at the face of Colin Montgomerie, his features scorched by the soaring temperatures, and you’ll understand why it’s believed there has never been a hotter US Open.

Monty hung on for a Monday play-off after Ernie Els bogeyed both the 16th and 18th in the fourth round to end in a three-way tie that also included Loren Roberts.

A further 18 holes in the oppressive swelter was the last thing the Scotsman needed. As the dial cranked up towards 100 degrees, Monty folded to a seven-over 78. Roberts and Els tied on 74 and Els got his hands on the trophy after the second hole of sudden death.

2004 – Shinnecock Hills

Retief Goosen wins the 2004 U. S. Open at Shinnecock Hills, June 20, 2004. (Photo by A. Messerschmidt/Getty Images)

Was this the year the USGA went too far? Tiger Woods claimed the organisation had “lost it”, while Phil Mickelson branded the conditions unacceptable.

The narrow fairways and wrist-breaking rough were wholly expected but the greens on the final day were so fast that, for many, they were impossible to putt on.

The stroke average in the final round was a shade under 79. With greens double cut and rolled, fewer than 20 per cent of the field managed to hit the par-3 7th. After the first two groups went through, organisers watered the surfaces.

In all of this carnage, Retief Goosen put together one of the rounds of his life to shoot a brilliant 71 and beat Mickelson to the honours.

The latter said: “I played some of the best golf of my life, I hit some of my best shots, I putted better than I probably have ever putted and I still couldn’t shoot par.”

2006 – Winged Foot

MAMARONECK, NY - JUNE 18: Phil Mickelson stands on the 18th green after his last putt in the final round of the 2006 US Open Championship at Winged Foot Golf Club on June 18, 2006 in Mamaroneck, New York. Geoff Ogilvy won the championship by one stroke. (Photo by Jamie Squire/Getty Images)

Ask Colin Montgomerie and Phil Mickelson about Winged Foot 10 years ago and they will still wince with pain. This was the year the duo lost their minds. The tough set up produced high scores – the winner came home in fi ve-over par – and an 18th hole where disaster awaited anyone who failed to fi nd fairway or green.

That said, it produced one of the most memorable finishes in tournament history. After Geoff Ogilvy chipped in on 17 and produced an equally impressive par at the last, it still seemed inevitable the Australian would be picked off at the finish.

Monty holed a monster putt on the 17th and striped a drive down the final hole only to let the occasion get the better of him. When his 7-iron found the deep rough, a double bogey finished his challenge.

Mickelson needed only a par to win but he was also bitten by the notorious course – clattering the hospitality tents with his drive, before striking a tree and finding a bunker on his way to a calamitous six.

2007 – Oakmont

OAKMONT, PA - JUNE 17: Angel Cabrera of Argentina kisses the trophy as he celebrates his one-stroke victory at the 107th U.S. Open Championship at Oakmont Country Club on June 17, 2007 in Oakmont, Pennsylvania. (Photo by Sam Greenwood/Getty Images)

Five over was enough for Angel Cabrera the last time the tournament visited Pennsylvania and Oakmont in 2007.

Conditions were so penal nine years ago that Tiger Woods said a 10 handicapper would be unable to break 100. The average score in the second round weighed in at just short of 77.

The cut fell at 10-over-par. In fact, the Oakmont greens were normally so quick, they were actually slowed down for the US Open that year and it was Cabrera who held it together best on the back nine.

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